How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
The FICO score is created by credit agencies. They use the payment history from your various loans: mortgages, car loans, credit cards, and others.
All three credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors to calculate a score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Payment History - Have you paid more than 30 days late, and how often?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most borrowers who want to get a mortgage in the current environment score 620 or above.
FICO makes a big difference in interest rates
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I raise my FICO score?
Is it possible to raise your credit score? Since the score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it's very difficult to significantly improve the number with quick fixes. You should remove any incorrect data from your credit report; this is really the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
Know your FICO score
To improve your credit score, you've got to have the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three reporting agencies. Also available are information and tools that help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from all three agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your credit score? Give us a call: (713) 528-1245.